Many people assume steroids are a fairly modern phenomenon, but in actual fact, taking hormones to enhance performance can be traced back to the Ancient Greeks, who used to devour animal testicles prior to the Olympic Games.
It wasn’t until 1849, however, when it was first discovered by a German scientist, Arnold Adolph Berthold, that the testicles played a big role in promoting masculinity, and, in particular, that they influenced blood supply.
Building on this new-found knowledge, another German scientist, Adolf Butenandt found a way to extract and purify the male hormone, androstenone, in 1931. Not long after, another German scientist, Leopold Ruzicka, developed a method to synthesize this hormone so that it would be safe for humans to use. Both of these scientists worked together to create the first synthetic batch of testosterone, in 1935, where they were even awarded a Nobel Prize for their scientific discovery four years later.
Following this breakthrough, humans were able to safely receive injections of testosterone, and by the 1940s, anabolic steroid use became common in the Soviet Union.
The correlation between anabolic steroid use and athletic performance soon became apparent, and the Russians began to lead the way in sport. However, it wasn’t long before the Americans left their mark in the history of steroids, where a US doctor, John Ziegler, developed a drug called methandrostenolone, or commonly known today as Dianabol or Dbol. This was approved for human use in 1958.
US athletes soon began to overtake their Russian rivals in sport, thanks to the new breed of steroid drugs available, where usage became commonplace, especially with weightlifters.
As steroid research and development gained pace, particularly in Germany, more and more athletes relied on these performance-enhancing products to up their game at sporting competitions.
However, in 1972, the International Olympic Council (IOC) and other sporting bodies banned the use of anabolic steroids, with drug testing imposed on all competing athletes.
Urine or blood tests were carried out to measure testosterone, where steroid use could be detected in athletes who had elevated levels. Although this potentially signalled the end of an era for steroids, this wasn’t the case at all. In fact, the Germans developed a testosterone drug that wouldn’t show up in urine or blood tests, and so athletes were able to continue to take performance-enhancing substances on the quiet for many years, until this revelation came to light in the early 1990s.
Despite a Steroid Control Act coming into force in 1990, and reinforced again in 2004, steroid use still remains high amongst athletes and other sectors of the population. Research from 2004 showed that 3.4% of college students had taken steroids at least once, for example.
Although we associate steroids with sports performance enhancement, they have also been used over the years to help treat a number of health issues, including easing menopausal symptoms, fighting certain cancers, preventing osteoporosis and improving quality of life in those suffering from AIDS.
Certainly, steroids have improved in safety over the years as research has continued, and if you want to ensure you purchase from a reputable supplier, Steroid Central UK has a wide range of quality injectable and oral solutions to choose from.